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No matter whom you are or what you do, if you own a dazzling white smile you own the spotlight.
Sparking teeth speaks a lot about your personality.
They boost up your confidence which ultimately enhances your personal as well as your professional life.
You can leave a long-lasting first impression on your known ones through your beautiful smile.
- Why and how does external discoloration happen?
- 10 Good Daily Habits to Ensure White Teeth
Why and how does external discoloration happen?
External discoloration can range in shade from hues of yellow to black. Causative factors have been classified as non-metallic and metallic stains.
When exposed to pigmented foods and bacteria, extrinsic stains, non-metallic in nature are absorbed into the enamel.
Plaque, which is essentially colorless, then starts to exhibit stains.
Yellowish brown stains
Poor dental hygiene can turn plaque into hardened tartar and the shades can vary from yellow to darker shades of brown and black.
Examples of food that cause staining are coffee, tea, red wine, colas, cranberry juice, colored popsicles, soy sauce, vinegar, tomato sauce, blueberries, beetroots etc.
Chlorhexidine is a content of mouthwash that has antibacterial effects. It latches on to enamel, interacts with plaque and bacteria, which colored foods make worse to end up staining.
There are other antiseptic mouth rinses that cause staining but to a lesser extent.
These stubborn dark brown or black stains are caused by smoking tobacco. When tobacco is smoked, nicotine and tar settle on to enamel. Nicotine when oxidized infiltrates into cracks turning into a blackish tinge.
These persistent black stains are more common in women with good oral hygiene and are visible near the edge of the gums and teeth.
Called ‘black line stain’ they form on both primary and permanent teeth. They are caused by gram-positive bacteria that exhibit a certain color.
Orange stains are usually visible near the gum line. Children are most prone to orange stains, usually because of improper or irregular brushing.
Greenish – yellow stains
Stains of these colors are usually seen in children due to an interaction of existing plaque, pigmented food and bacteria, and decayed hemoglobin deposits.
The causes are multiple from contact with to copper, nickel, and mercury to the presence of colored bacteria.
Occupational hazards that cause an exposure metallic compounds and intake of medicines containing metallic elements cause an array of stains.
Liquid forms of iron supplements are a dark reddish-brown in color and can leave stains on teeth that appear black.
Violet – black
Potassium permanganate in mouth rinses deposits stains of a violet to black color.
Orange stains are common in workers exposed to colored fumes.
Yellow – brown
Medicines that contain sulfides or manganese leave gray – to yellow – to brownish black stains.
Green stains are a consequence of using mouth rinses with copper salts. Theses stains are also a result of the occupational demands of workers who are exposed to copper.
10 Good Daily Habits to Ensure White Teeth
Here are very to easy to implement habits which can help ensure your teeth never become discolored!
1. Change your toothbrush
If even after brushing, your teeth are showing yellow tint then maybe its time that you change your toothbrush.
Dentists recommend changing toothbrush after every two or three months of usage.
When bristles began to worn down or bend it’s better to purchase a new brush because a rugged brush will not effectively clean your teeth.
Remaining plaque can erode enamel and can cause tooth decays.
Choose new brush wisely; you can also ask your dentist to suggest the brush according to your teeth structure.
2. Use tongue scrapper
some people prefer brushing their tongue but to make tongue completely bacteria free using tongue scrapper is a better option.
Tongue hygiene and discoloration are very closely related.
Plaque and bacteria accumulate on your tongue and if not scraped harm the enamel and discolor it.
Any kind of bacteria build up on your tongue not only gives you bad breathe but also tarnish your smile.
3. Eat raw and crunchy food
raw and crispy foods are also known as detergent foods.
Fruits and vegetables like apples, carrots, lettuce, popcorn, broccoli, celery, etc. clean teeth naturally.
They remove surface stains and are also good for your overall health.
If possible make sure you eat them daily after meals, in this way they will scrub off all the stains from teeth which you get during meals.
Opposite of these foods are fatty foods, which is usually preferred by current generations.
Fatty foods like candies, chips, chocolates, syrups, ice creams, etc. They stick to the teeth and invite tooth decay and darkening.
4. Whitening toothpaste
Toothpaste containing hydrogen peroxide or some other whitening agent is a cheap and easy way to maintain white teeth.
They are gentle in nature so they can only remove some light stains or in some cases brighten the colour by one shade but not more than that.
For the removal of older and darker stains, you may resort to whitening kits.
5. Avoid staining foods
Dark, pigmented and colourful foods like red wine, cranberry juice, coffee, tea can leave colour stains on your teeth. Such stains dull the whiteness of your teeth.
Use a straw to drink such beverages so that the liquid passes through your teeth without making direct contact with them.
Rinse your mouth immediately after drinking or eating dark foods to avoid discoloration.
6. Avoid acidic drinks and foods
Acidic drinks or drinks with high sugar level can soften the teeth and erode enamel and minerals present.
Citrus fruits like oranges with rich content of vitamin-c, though necessary for the body can have bad effects on teeth. Not only drinks but acid rich foods like pickles, ketchup, and cranberries can cause demineralization too.
Proper rinsing with water after eating acidic liquids or solids can cut their effects.
Brushing after eating method won’t help here because it would only speed up the process of erosion.
If possible try to eat non-acidic foods like cheese, mangoes, vegetables, eggs, fish, meat, etc. with acidic foods; this will create a neutralizing effect.
Rinsing mouth with mouthwash daily alongside brushing and flossing will keep your mouth fresh and clean.
But do you know that using antiseptic mouthwashes containing whitening agents like hydrogen peroxide and methyl salicylate are good to prevent the growth of bacteria that contribute to discoloration of teeth?
It will also protect you from decays and bad breathe.
To avoid yellowing it’s suggested to mouthwash twice a day, once in the night and again in the morning.
When you sleep at night, plaque build-up starts, so it’s better to rinse your mouth again when you wake up.
8. Stop smoking
smoking and white teeth cannot go hand in hand.
In fact, smoking is not only harmful to the oral health it’s equally damaging to the overall physical health too.
Nicotine and tar present in tobacco sticks to the oral cavity.
Through small pores present in the enamel of teeth, these chemicals seep in, thus discolouring teeth.
Nicotine on combining with oxygen turns yellow in colour which tarnishes the tooth’s surface.
Smoking can give chronic diseases to a person, so it’s better to quit this habit in time or at least reduce its quantity every day till you quit altogether.
Removal of yellow, brown stains from teeth caused due to smoking can be a difficult task.
9. Diet for white
Prevention is better than the cure for sure.
If you are having pearly white teeth then it’s better to take care of them in every possible way and to avoid their discoloration at every cost.
Proper diet is one of the basic daily habits that you must follow. Daily calcium intake is must which you can get from dairy products like milk, cheese, yogurt, etc.
Whole grains will also provide strength to your teeth. Proper diet will ensure that your teeth get all the necessary minerals to build or repair strong enamel which will, in turn, protect teeth from darkening and paling.
10. Floss everyday
when it comes to whitening of teeth, mostly our focus remains on the front side of teeth but in between whiteness is also very essential.
Floss does not literally whiten your teeth but by removing food particles from in between of teeth it makes your teeth look brighter and cleaner.
Flossing every day can make your teeth look whiter to a certain extent.
All of us are aware that floss eliminates any kind of debris or plaque which gets neglected by a toothbrush.
This makes gums healthy and healthy, pink gums make teeth look brighter and whiter.
In the market, some whitening flosses are also available that contains abrasive silica or calcium peroxide which removes proteins created by saliva.
Such proteins can cause discoloration.
But whitening flosses can’t be used every day as compared to regular flosses which are meant for daily use.
These are some of the good daily habits that you can add to your lifestyle to ensure white teeth.
These habits will keep teeth darkening at bay for you but not forever.
With age, teeth will acquire a darker yellowish tinge and to eliminate it you would have to undergo a professional cosmetic dental treatment.
Such treatments do not have complex procedures or long sittings. Generally, a 2 hour sitting with your dentist will help you get back your previous bright teeth but it all depends on your requirements and dentist’s assessment.
With aging teeth’s will lose their shine but this is no excuse to care less for them.
Teeth’s are an essential part of our body and persona. Their health depicts the condition of our overall health and our level of care towards our health and well-being.
Teeth discoloration may be an indication of other physical diseases. Natural factors are involved in discoloration but our day to day activities plays an important role too.
Keeping in mind the do’s and don’ts of teeth hygiene will let you sustain your white pearly teeth for longer without any cosmetic surgery.
These habits if properly followed will not only save a lot of money and time but you can also avoid inviting unnecessary teeth troubles.
Habits like these stay with you and benefit you for lifelong.