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We’re spoiled for choices when it comes to enhancing our teeth and exhibiting shiny whites.
Through time, daily dental diligence and at home remedies are not sufficient to combat stubborn environmental factors that prevent that perfect smile.
We then have options of safer and steadfast results through in-office procedures that come to the rescue.
Composite bonding is a cosmetic and restorative procedure that can benefit people of all age groups who wish to improve their teeth.
Besides chipped, broken and cavity-ridden, teeth that are stained and spotted can also be treated by composite bonding.
It is opted as a teeth-whitening alternative to tackle more deep-seated stains. It’s known to be used in combination with other teeth whitening procedures to attain flawless whites.
The Technique of Composite Bonding
Composite bonding or composite veneers can fill spots and stains in teeth, to perfect natural whites.
Composites to whiten are essentially plastic resins, similar to dentin, bound to fillers like quartz and glass, which is then fixed to the enamel.
Their characteristics range in colors and translucencies.
All teeth or singular ones that have been discolored can be treated in a one-step ‘single-visit’ procedure carried out at the dentist’s office.
The dentist designs a prototype specific to the teeth undergoing treatment.
After discussion, if the prototype is agreed upon, the dentist continues the procedure, which is meant to match the characteristics and color of the individual’s teeth.
Before beginning the treatment, teeth are polished and cleaned to remove any debris, plaque, and tartar to ensure efficacy.
The surface enamel is then roughened with an abrasive agent, like an acidic gel. The composite resin mix is then applied to the teeth, with an adhesive substance, which creates a strong bond.
The composite is typically layered on to teeth, as needed. The resin is then hardened in place with a curing light for about 10 to 20 seconds.
The treatment is concluded with trimming shaping and polishing to achieve a natural look.
Advantages over other bonding techniques
It is a safe procedure and serves two purposes in one.
It fixes the appearance and discolorations to mimic the actual teeth using the precision of a color chart. This is a treatment of choice for a natural uniform look.
The composite acts as a buffer for the tooth, protecting it from harsh environmental factors and damage.
It is more cost effective than other cosmetic procedures and insurance might cover a portion of the procedure.
It’s easier as it mostly requires one single – sitting and the entire procedure can be completed in an hour. Being painless, it doesn’t require anesthesia.
Unlike porcelain veneers, it doesn’t require deep etching of teeth and is a comfortable and minimally invasive procedure in comparison.
The procedure might cause short-term sensitivity, which fades away in a couple of weeks.
Some evidence states that composites stain to a lesser extent than natural teeth.
It lasts anywhere between 3 – 10 years, which is shorter that porcelain veneers. However, it is reversible, as underlying tooth structure remains untouched.
Bonding is viewed as a temporary, short-term treatment as the bonding material is not very durable leading to cracks and chips in the tooth.
It is not very resistant to stains and discoloration thus needing to follow – up cleaning and whitening procedures.
Teeth should be at their shiny best before bonding with any professional whitening procedures carried out before.
After whitening, it is recommend waiting around 14 to 21 days before bonding. After bonding, the composite resin can stain and it is difficult to whiten.
If bonded teeth are whitened, over time the bonded portion will remain the same while the whitened tooth might fade in color.
Composite Bonding is known to be an artistic and meticulous procedure, one to entrust in the hands of a capable dentist.
It is important to choose a dentist that has the credentials of a postgraduate degree in cosmetic dentistry. A cosmetic dentist will put in the effort and pay close attention to subtle specifics of teeth, essential to achieve that uniform natural result.
People who grind their teeth should be advised that it could damage the dental work. For 24 hours post treatment, it is required to avoid hard crunchy foods and consume plenty of liquids and foods of a softer variety.
Post treatment, certain foods, and drinks should be consumed in moderation and a water rinse after consumption is essential. Tobacco, tea, coffee, red wines, sweets, and darker colored foods and fruits may leave residual stains on the bonding.
Acidic liquids can erode and damage the bonding. Extremely hot and cold beverages should be avoided.
Daily routines that would go into caring for teeth as brushing and flossing contribute to the longevity of the treatment.
Use soft, angled brushes, appropriate for removal of bacteria and plaque. Sonic brushes are also safe to use. Dentist – recommended gentle toothpastes must be used, suited for bonding work.
Oral Irrigators are fabulous in flushing out trapped food, debris, built up bad bacteria and toxins. Using one can ensure the health of gums around cosmetic work like composite bonding and make them longer lasting.
Using an alcohol – free mouthwash is crucial, as those that contain alcohol can damage and soften the resin. Certain natural home remedies like oil pulling, salt, and soda bicarbonate rinses, turmeric pastes etc. can be included to care and maintenance practices.
Make sure to follow up with a water rinse for optimal results.
The bonding that has worn out and lackluster will require in – office work. Special whitening and polishing techniques suited to bonding will help restore a glossy white look.
If a natural looking smile and procedure that is minimally invasive is preferred, composite bonding is key.
It is important to choose a cosmetic dentist, experienced and skilled to spot fine details in color and structure and accordingly use the right composite to achieve the best results.